Polygon Blockchain Development Explained for Developers

Polygon blockchain development is gaining traction among developers for its ability to overcome some of the limitations associated with traditional blockchains, like Ethereum. It offers a more flexible and scalable solution for applications, without sacrificing security.

In simple terms, Polygon acts like an add-on to existing blockchain networks, making them faster and cheaper to use.

In this detailed guide, we will walk you through the essential concepts and practical steps so you can build efficient, cost-effective applications with confidence.

What is Polygon?

Polygon is a popular blockchain network designed to provide a scaling solution for Ethereum. Formerly known as Matic Network, Polygon aims to address the scalability issues faced by Ethereum by offering a multi-chain scaling framework. This framework enables developers to create scalable and interoperable decentralized applications (DApps) while retaining the security and decentralization features of Ethereum.

At its core, Polygon is a Layer 2 scaling solution that operates as a set of independent blockchains connected to the Ethereum mainnet. These independent chains, also known as sidechains or child chains, are anchored to the Ethereum mainnet through a secure bridge. This bridge allows for the seamless transfer of assets and data between the Ethereum mainnet and the Polygon network.

Benefits of Polygon Blockchain Development for Developers?

Polygon offers a range of benefits for developers.

First and foremost, it significantly increases the scalability of Ethereum, allowing for faster and cheaper transactions. This is achieved through its sidechain architecture, which processes transactions off the Ethereum mainnet and then settles them on the mainnet periodically.

By offloading a considerable portion of the transaction load onto the sidechains, Polygon reduces congestion on the Ethereum network and improves overall performance.

Another key advantage of Polygon is its compatibility with Ethereum. Developers can easily port their existing Ethereum smart contracts to the Polygon network, enabling them to leverage the scalability benefits without sacrificing the security and stability of Ethereum. This interoperability makes Polygon an attractive choice for developers who want to scale their existing Ethereum DApps or build new ones on a more scalable infrastructure.

Furthermore, Polygon provides developers with a wide range of tools and resources to facilitate development on its network. It offers software development kits (SDKs) and application programming interfaces (APIs) that enable developers to interact with the Polygon network and build DApps with ease. These tools not only simplify the development process but also enhance the overall developer experience.

Overall, Polygon is revolutionizing blockchain development by offering a scalable and interoperable ecosystem. Developers can leverage Polygon’s sidechain architecture and Ethereum compatibility to build high-performance DApps that can handle large-scale transactions. With its easy-to-use tools and resources, Polygon is quickly gaining popularity among developers looking to harness the power of blockchain technology.

How to Become a Polygon Developer?

To become an expert Polygon developer, first you need to understand its base. Check out below to understand the basics of Polygon blockchain:

Different Components of Polygon Network

The Polygon network consists of several key components that work together to provide a robust and scalable blockchain ecosystem. These components include the mainnet, sidechains, bridge, and security mechanism.


The mainnet of Polygon is the Ethereum network itself. It serves as the anchor for the Polygon network and ensures the security and decentralization of transactions.

By connecting to the Ethereum mainnet, Polygon inherits the proven security infrastructure and consensus mechanisms of Ethereum.


Sidechains, also known as child chains, are the key building blocks of the Polygon network. These independent chains operate alongside the Ethereum mainnet and serve as scaling solutions.

Sidechains provide faster and cheaper transactions by processing them off the mainnet and settling them periodically on the Ethereum mainnet. This offloading of transactions onto the sidechains helps alleviate congestion on the Ethereum network, increasing scalability and reducing transaction costs.


The bridge is a crucial component that securely connects the Ethereum mainnet with the sidechains. It facilitates the seamless transfer of assets and data between the two networks.

The bridge ensures compatibility and interoperability between Ethereum and the Polygon network, enabling developers to easily port their existing Ethereum DApps and assets to Polygon.

Security Mechanism

One of the key features of the Polygon network is its security mechanism. Validators play a vital role in maintaining the security and integrity of the network.

Validators are responsible for validating transactions on the sidechains and confirming their authenticity. They also participate in the consensus process and help secure the overall network.

The security mechanism of Polygon relies on a combination of Proof-of-Stake (PoS) and Proof-of-Authority (PoA) consensus algorithms.

Overall, the different components of the Polygon network work together to create a scalable and interoperable blockchain ecosystem. With these components in place, developers can build highly scalable and secure DApps on the Polygon network.

Smart Contracts on Polygon

Smart Contracts on Polygon enable developers to build decentralized applications (DApps) and execute programmable logic autonomously.

Polygon is compatible with Ethereum’s Virtual Machine (EVM), allowing for seamless migration of existing Ethereum smart contracts to the Polygon network. This compatibility makes Polygon an attractive platform for Ethereum developers looking to leverage the benefits of scalability and low transaction costs offered by the Polygon network.

Developers can write smart contracts on Polygon using Solidity, the primary programming language for Ethereum.

Solidity provides a familiar and robust environment for developers to create smart contracts, ensuring compatibility across the Ethereum ecosystem.

The deployment process for smart contracts on Polygon is similar to Ethereum, with developers using tools like Truffle and Remix for compilation and deployment.

One of the key advantages of developing smart contracts on Polygon is the reduced gas fees. Gas fees are a significant concern on the Ethereum mainnet, often making DApps unviable for users due to high transaction costs. Polygon’s sidechains alleviate this issue by processing transactions off the Ethereum mainnet.

Furthermore, Polygon allows developers to leverage existing Ethereum assets in their smart contracts. Through the use of bridges, developers can bring ERC-20 tokens and other assets from the Ethereum mainnet to the Polygon network.

To interact with smart contracts on Polygon, developers can use various software development kits (SDKs) and application programming interfaces (APIs).

Check out other best platforms to write Smart Contracts.

Polygon SDKs and APIs

Polygon provides a variety of software development kits (SDKs) and application programming interfaces (APIs) that enable developers to easily interact with the Polygon blockchain network.

These tools and resources offer developers the flexibility to build, test, and deploy their decentralized applications on Polygon with ease.


Polygon offers SDKs for popular programming languages such as JavaScript, Python, and Go. These SDKs provide developers with the necessary tools and libraries to interact with the Polygon network programmatically.

With the SDKs, developers can create smart contracts, query blockchain data, initiate transactions, and perform other operations seamlessly.

Using the JavaScript SDK, developers can build web-based DApps, interact with smart contracts and accounts, and perform transactions on Polygon.

The Python SDK offers similar capabilities, allowing developers to leverage the power of Python to develop Polygon-based applications.

The Go SDK is designed for developers who prefer to use the Go programming language and provides a comprehensive set of tools for building decentralized applications on Polygon.


Polygon also provides a range of APIs that enable developers to access blockchain data and perform various operations programmatically. These APIs allow developers to retrieve information such as block details, account balances, transaction history, and smart contract data from the Polygon network.

The Polygon APIs also support transaction management, allowing developers to create and send transactions to the network.

Developers can use the APIs to initiate token transfers, interact with smart contracts, and perform other transaction-related operations.

Developers can choose from REST APIs or WebSocket APIs based on their specific requirements.

REST APIs provide a simple and straightforward way to interact with the Polygon network using HTTP requests.

WebSocket APIs, on the other hand, offer real-time data updates by establishing a persistent connection with the Polygon network.

By leveraging the Polygon SDKs and APIs, developers can unlock the full potential of the Polygon blockchain and create innovative and seamless decentralized applications.

DApps Development on Polygon

DApps (Decentralized Applications) are at the core of the blockchain revolution, offering innovative solutions across various industries.

With Polygon’s scalability and interoperability, developers have the perfect platform to build and deploy DApps that can revolutionize digital ecosystems.

DApp development on Polygon leverages the flexibility, security, and cost-effectiveness of the Polygon blockchain network.

Developers can utilize different programming languages and frameworks to create and deploy their applications. Polygon provides an array of tools, such as SDKs and APIs, to streamline the development process and ensure seamless integration with the Polygon network.

One of the key benefits of developing DApps on Polygon is the network’s scalability. Polygon’s Layer 2 solutions, such as Polygon POS (Proof of Stake) and Plasma, significantly enhance the throughput and efficiency of transactions. This scalability advantage opens up a world of possibilities for complex and data-intensive DApps that require fast and inexpensive transactions.

Developers can also take advantage of the interoperability feature offered by Polygon. With Polygon’s bridging capabilities, developers can easily connect their DApps with other blockchain networks, expanding their reach and functionality. This interoperability enables DApps to access and interact with assets and data from various blockchain networks, enhancing their utility and versatility.

Moreover, Polygon’s developer-friendly ecosystem provides comprehensive documentation, tutorials, and community support for DApp development. This support system ensures that developers can quickly and efficiently build, test, and deploy their DApps on the Polygon network.

Additionally, developers can participate in hackathons, receive grants, and collaborate with other community members to foster innovation and growth on the platform.

Whether it’s creating decentralized finance (DeFi) applications, non-fungible token (NFT) marketplaces, gaming platforms, or supply chain solutions, DApp development on Polygon offers endless possibilities.

Testing and Deployment

Testing and Deployment are critical stages in the development process of DApps on the Polygon blockchain. These stages ensure that the DApps are thoroughly tested for functionality, performance, and security before being deployed for public use.


Before deploying a DApp on the Polygon network, developers should conduct a series of tests to verify its functionality and identify any potential issues. Testing can be done at different levels, including unit testing, integration testing, and end-to-end testing.

  • Unit testing: This involves testing each individual component or module of the DApp to ensure that it functions correctly. Developers can use testing frameworks like Truffle and Hardhat to write and execute unit tests for smart contracts.
  • Integration testing: In this stage, developers test the interaction between different components of the DApp to ensure seamless integration. This includes testing the interaction between smart contracts, user interfaces, and external APIs.
  • End-to-end testing: This type of testing simulates real-world user scenarios and verifies the DApp’s functionality from end to end. It tests the entire workflow, including user actions, smart contract interactions, and data transactions. Tools like Ganache and Remix can be used for end-to-end testing of smart contracts.


Once the DApp has successfully passed the testing phase, it is ready to be deployed on the Polygon network. The deployment process involves publishing the smart contracts and deploying the frontend interfaces to make the DApp accessible to users.

To deploy a DApp on the Polygon network, developers can follow these steps:

  1. Smart Contract Deployment: Developers can use the Polygon SDKs and APIs to deploy their smart contracts on the Polygon network. This can be done through tools like Truffle, Hardhat, or Remix. The smart contracts are compiled, and the bytecode is deployed to the Polygon network using a transaction.
  1. Frontend Deployment: After deploying the smart contracts, developers need to deploy the frontend interfaces of the DApp. This includes hosting the HTML, CSS, and JavaScript files on a server or using IPFS (InterPlanetary File System) for decentralized hosting. The frontend is then connected to the deployed smart contracts using the appropriate web3 libraries.
  1. Testing in the Production Environment: Once the DApp is deployed, developers should conduct additional testing in the production environment to ensure its performance and stability. This involves testing the DApp with real data and real user transactions to identify any potential issues that may have been missed during the testing phase.
  1. Continuous Monitoring: After deployment, it is essential to continuously monitor the DApp for any performance issues or security vulnerabilities. Developers should regularly update and maintain the DApp to ensure its smooth operation and address any potential bugs or security threats that may arise.

Case Studies and Use Cases

Polygon has gained traction in the blockchain industry by offering scalable and cost-effective solutions for various use cases.

Let’s explore some case studies and use cases that demonstrate the real-world applications and benefits of the Polygon blockchain.

DeFi Platforms

Polygon has become a popular choice for decentralized finance (DeFi) platforms due to its high scalability and low transaction fees.

Aave, one of the leading DeFi protocols, has integrated with Polygon to provide users with faster and more affordable transactions.

Gaming and NFTs

The gaming industry has embraced the benefits of Polygon for building blockchain-based games and non-fungible tokens (NFTs).

Axie Infinity, a popular play-to-earn game, has taken advantage of Polygon’s fast transaction processing and low fees to provide a seamless gaming experience.

Additionally, Polygon has supported projects like Decentraland and Opensea in their NFT marketplaces, enabling users to trade digital assets efficiently.

Real Estate

Real estate is another industry that can benefit from blockchain technology, and Polygon has facilitated its integration.

Companies like Propy have utilized Polygon to streamline the process of buying and selling properties, reducing intermediaries and improving transaction speed and security.

Supply Chain and Logistics

The supply chain and logistics sector can leverage Polygon to enhance transparency, traceability, and efficiency.

Companies like OpenSea and CargoX are using Polygon to create decentralized marketplaces and track shipping processes, respectively.

The blockchain’s immutable nature ensures the integrity of data, reducing fraudulent activities and facilitating seamless collaboration among stakeholders.

Government and Public Services

Governments around the world are exploring blockchain technology to improve transparency and efficiency in public services.

Polygon has collaborated with various governments to implement blockchain-based solutions.

For instance, the State Agency for eGovernment in Ukraine has utilized Polygon to develop a transparent and secure platform for property auctions. This has increased trust in the auction process and reduced corruption.

These case studies and use cases demonstrate the wide range of industries that can benefit from Polygon blockchain development. Its scalability, low fees, and interoperability make it a versatile solution for various applications.

As more developers and businesses adopt Polygon, the network’s ecosystem continues to grow, unlocking new opportunities for innovation and disruption in multiple sectors.

Are MATIC and Polygon Same?

MATIC and Polygon are often used interchangeably, but it’s important to understand the distinction between the two. MATIC is the native cryptocurrency of the Polygon network, while Polygon is the overall blockchain platform and ecosystem.

Polygon was initially launched as MATIC Network in 2017, with the MATIC token serving as the primary utility token for the network. However, in 2021, the project rebranded to Polygon to reflect its broader vision and expanded functionality beyond just a scaling solution for Ethereum.

The rebranding aimed to position Polygon as a multi-chain ecosystem that supports interoperability and aims to connect different blockchain networks. While the MATIC token remains a key element within the Polygon ecosystem, the term “Polygon” now encompasses the entire platform and its various components.

Polygon consists of multiple interconnected chains, including its main chain, known as the Polygon PoS (Proof of Stake) chain, and sidechains that can be customized for specific use cases. These sidechains utilize the Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM) and provide scalability and low-cost transactions.

The MATIC token plays a crucial role within the Polygon ecosystem, serving as a means of payment for transaction fees, staking, and participating in network governance. By holding and staking MATIC tokens, users can also earn rewards within the Polygon network.

FAQs about Polygon Blockchain

How does Polygon Achieve Scalability?

Polygon achieves scalability through its use of sidechains, which are independent blockchains that can process transactions and smart contracts. By offloading transactions to these sidechains, Polygon reduces the load on the Ethereum network, allowing for faster and more cost-effective transactions.

Can I Use My Existing Ethereum Smart Contracts on Polygon?

Yes, you can deploy your existing Ethereum smart contracts on Polygon without any modifications. The network is compatible with Ethereum and utilizes the Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM), ensuring seamless integration and interoperability.

What are the Gas Fees on Polygon Compared to Ethereum?

The typical gas fee for a simple ERC-20 token transfer on Ethereum runs around $1.68. On the other hand, the gas fees on Polygon are significantly lower, making it a more cost-effective option for transactions.

Can I Transfer Assets between the Ethereum Network and Polygon?

Yes, you can transfer assets between the Ethereum network and Polygon using Polygon’s bridge functionality. This allows for seamless interoperability, enabling the transfer of digital assets between the two networks.

How Secure is Polygon?

Polygon benefits from the security of the Ethereum network since it is built as a Layer 2 solution for Ethereum. The underlying security of the Ethereum blockchain is leveraged, providing a high level of security for applications built on Polygon.

Is Polygon Decentralized?

Yes, Polygon is designed to be a decentralized network. It achieves this by utilizing a network of validators who secure the sidechains and by allowing anyone to become a validator through a staking mechanism.

Can I Build Decentralized finance (DeFi) Applications on Polygon?

Yes, Polygon is well-suited for building DeFi applications. The platform offers fast and low-cost transactions, making it a favorable choice for decentralized exchanges, lending protocols, and other DeFi solutions.

Does Polygon Support other Blockchains?

Polygon is primarily built to scale Ethereum, but it is also compatible with other blockchains. Its interoperability feature allows seamless integration with other blockchains such as Bitcoin, Zcash, and more.

How Can I Get Started with Polygon Development?

To get started with Polygon development, you can refer to the official documentation, which provides detailed information about the platform, SDKs, APIs, and developer tools. Additionally, Polygon has an active developer community where you can find support and guidance.


In brief, Polygon’s emergence in the blockchain space has revolutionized development possibilities.

The platform’s scalability, interoperability, and supportive ecosystem position it as a prime choice for developers seeking to build decentralized applications.

As the network expands, more industries and use cases will harness the power of Polygon, driving innovation, and enabling the creation of groundbreaking applications.

With its strong community, developer-friendly tools, and commitment to scalability, Polygon is poised to become a force to reckon with in the blockchain development landscape.


By Ashok Rathod

Life is all about solving problems. Ashok is a software developer, technology enthusiast, founder, and director of a reputed software development company. Eager to help brilliant minds, and entrepreneurs with MVP ( Minimum Viable Product ) development, and technology consultation. Ashok is an engineer, a strategist, an investor, an architect, and a blogger who love to share about technology.

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